Smes and employment generation

In this context, it has been argued that the competitiveness of local and regional economies depends to a considerable extent on the ability of SMEs within it Smes and employment generation innovate eg Cooke, which, it is suggested, is related to their inclination and ability to enter into interactive learning networks with other firms and various other external bodies and agencies Morgan, Unemployment is now the greatest problem confronting our country and it is the major cause of urban unrest and escalation in violent crimes.

As Hughes has noted: Thus from an economic development point of view, it would appear that the best way of generating employment in the longer term is to focus on firms with the greatest growth potential.

Latest Central Bank of Nigeria figures show that by July 31, the scheme had accumulated over N Piasecki and Rogut interpret this slowing down as the "new" emerging market system beginning to regulate itself by which they mean the effects of increasing competition between firms on survival rates and a slowing down of start-ups as new market opportunities became more difficult to find.

Whilst data limitations typically make it impossible to accurately determine the share of economic activity or employment contributed by SMEs in transition economies, available estimates confirm the continuous expansion of the SME sector in the Smes and employment generation States during the transition period.

Part of this trend has been a growth in self employment which was a key feature of the labour markets in a majority of EU countries in the s, reflecting a structural shift away from manufacturing and a combination of other socio-economic factors, such as changing tax regimes, increased contracting out of services and the development of more flexible manufacturing systems EIM, As Scase himself recognises, in transition countries the emergence of a stratum of small traders is part of the social transformation contributing to wider consumer choice and the emergence of a middle class.

As a consequence, it is often necessary to infer policy objectives from the actions of policy makers de Koning and Snijders, However, additional contributing factors included: Our unemployment situation will improve and the frequent migration of our youths to foreign lands as destitute and refugees will reduce.

Whilst these are roles which SMEs can perform in any economy, there are additional aspects of the conditions pertaining during the transition period which suggest that SMEs may have additional roles to play.

Moreover, a cross-national comparison of new firm formation rates in a group of mature market economies, found similar regional variations within all 6 countries studied, with the most fertile regions having annual new firm birth rates between two and four times higher than the least fertile regions Reynolds et al, The creation of an entrepreneurial class is part of that process as the Lithuanian government has explicitly recognised in one of the stated aims of its programme for SME development: Promoters and banks were not discriminatory with regard to the types of project financed or promoted.

Business advice, information and counselling needs to be available at the pre-start and start-up stages, together with training to enable new entrants to have a basic understanding of business principles, accessed through local centres. All the above will contribute in eventuating our dream of becoming one of the 20 largest economies by the year However, once businesses become established, their support needs tend to become more specialised.

These results have implications for policies designed to enhance the contribution of SMEs to economic development. The explanation is that external conditions in Latvia and Lithuania were slower to stabilise than in either Poland or Estonia.

Since it may not be feasible to make all of the more specialised support available locally, access to these services may be facilitated through a single local entry point, or "one-stop shop" which has a signposting function for certain services.

Free Trade as a global concept should not be adopted at expense of our domestic economy.


During the socialist period, manufacturing in the Baltic states was integrated into a technological chain, and locked into markets in the former Soviet Union, which resulted in a high level of military orientated production at the expense of consumer goods.

However, it should be noted that the Polish Enterprise Register included 2. The economic policy in vogue was Import Substitution which means that one could substitute importation with local production without taking due cognizance of the local availability of the raw materials.

In such conditions, whilst SMEs may be generating employment, much of it may be relatively transient as external conditions do not encourage, or indeed facilitate, entrepreneurs to build businesses.

Moreover, UK evidence shows that younger firms grow faster than other firms, with the smallest young firms tending to grow faster than the rest. Delta State championed an innovative package of N16 billion which was disbursed through Community Banks.

Nevertheless, as our results from Poland and the Baltic States show, once the macro-economic and political environment stabilises, there is greater encouragement for entrepreneurs to develop their businesses in ways which are associated with creating employment for core or permanent employees Smallbone et al, ; Smallbone, In transition countries, such as Poland and the Baltic States, our evidence suggests that the problem in this respect is more a question of supply side deficiency than a lack of latent demand.

In countries where SMEs are given priority attention, they cater for over 65 percent of the national employment and contribute significantly to the GDP.

Although job losses, not surprisingly tend to increase during recessionary periods such as in the UKand the number of job gains decreased, SME performance has been shown to be relatively stable in comparison with larger firms over the economic cycle EIM, There are numerous other problems like management skill, lack of adequate infrastructure like power, water, roads, etc.

As a result of all the above, the SME sector was reduced to rubbles, the economy became weak and the following conditions ensued.SMALL AND MEDIUM ENTERPRISES AS AN EFFECTIVE SECTOR FOR ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT AND employment generation, GDP, job creation, SMEs INTRODUCTION Small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) are acknowledged globally for their unique Section 4 analyzes the contribution of SMEs to the country’s.

INTRODUCTION The nation needs the Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) because they contribute meaningfully to economic development.

They are in the forefront of output expansion, employment generation, income redistribution, promotion of indigenous entrepreneurship and production of primary goods to strengthen industrial linkages. A part from the NDE, the role of the Small and Medium Scale Enterprises [SMES] in employment generation has long begged for recognition.

The SMES are a major source of employment for a large majority of people. ROLE OF SMES IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF INDIA DIRECTOR, MBA PROGRAMME, significant export earnings, low investment requirements, employment generation, effective Total Employment of SMEs and Production per Employee Year Employment (In mn) Production per.

Small and Medium Scale Enterprises and Employment Generation in Nigeria: The Role of Finance (SMEs) to employment generation in Nigeria. Past efforts at providing solution to this malaise This is because the sector serves as a catalyst for employment generation, national growth, poverty reduction and economic development.

ABSTRACT: This study is designed to assess the impact of SMEs on employment generation in Nigeria. It will cover SMEs employing below persons in all the 36 States of the Federation including the Federal Capital Territory, Abuja.

It is a known fact globally that the Small and Medium Enterprises sector is a key.

Smes and employment generation
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